Arch Go! 建筑实例 建筑图片 建筑文章翻译

建筑师: N MAEDA ATELIER

地点:日本神奈川县,横滨

总建筑师:Norisada Maeda

结构工程:Ryozo Umezawa

承包商:Kasahara Koumuten

面积:80.3 sqm

摄影: Toshihiro Sobajima

闭上眼睛,想象假如时光倒流,在心里描绘一个这样的场所:潮湿的土壤形成柔软的地面,每走一步鞋子都陷入地里;沧桑、饱经风霜的楼梯,在早年就是一条土路;以及可爱的老式挡土墙和得到精心呵护的植物。当我们第一次踏足位于Myoren-ji市的这片古老土地,不仅被这片郁郁葱葱的地块所吸引,更沉迷于其令人叹为观止的美景之中。

这样的感觉在建筑设计之时不该被当成一种干扰,而是应该成为体现土地魅力的助力。换句话说:建造一座建筑不仅仅意味着“在地面上摆放东西”,而更像是对于地面的谨慎处理。

如果让你的手指沿着Celluloid Jam(赛璐珞果酱)住宅的整个表面走一圈,不管你在哪里开始,都能从屋外走到屋内,一直回到起点,无半点中断之处,或者触摸外墙与内墙的每个点,直到返回起点,在这个过程中手指一次也不用抬起。

一方面是因为其表面,从建筑外墙到屋顶、地板、室内墙壁再到天花板,体现了连贯的建筑设计,因此可以被视为无缝结构。而另一方面,建筑外形本身就是根据莫比乌斯环(对形状为阿拉伯数字8的带条进行扭曲和翻转所形成的拓扑结构)切割、打开和弯曲形成的。

你能在建筑设计中感觉到设计师对于土地的渴望。所以为了在几何学设计方案的辅助下创建外墙抹灰、植物、房间、挡土墙、露台、古旧的楼梯与阳台之间的联系,运用粘接的方式将建筑与自然这两大元素慢慢地结为一体。

为了突出这种印象,建筑师在毫无接缝的情况下实现了Celluloid Jams住宅的完整表面。木结构表面覆盖着固定纤维塑料表层,从而为室内外创建了一种独特的表面,另外还能形成一层光滑的建筑表皮,减少静载荷,同时均匀地分布静载荷。所以建筑外表皮呈现出一种令人印象深刻的自然特性:鸡蛋壳。

在土壤表面,也就是莫比乌斯环接触地面的地方,自然与建筑设计之间的边界融化于无形之中,就像融化的塑料。其中的区别仅凭肉眼几乎都看不出来。

原文:

Architects: N MAEDA ATELIER

Location: Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

Principal Architects: Norisada Maeda

Structural Engineering: Ryozo Umezawa

Contractor: Kasahara Koumuten

Area: 80.3 sqm

Photographs: Toshihiro Sobajima

Imagine a site you might picture, when letting your mind wonder back in time: damp soil forms a soft ground, catching your footsteps, ancient, weather-beaten stairs, that have been used in earlier times as an earthen path, a lovely old retaining wall and carefully cherished plants. When we first set foot on this old soil in the city of Myoren-ji, we not merely got interested by this lush site, but rather fascinated by its' overwhelming beauty, that laid in every single FIBRE.

Such a feeling should never be seen as something disturbing, when it comes to architecture, moreover should it be as such occupied by the grounds' fascination. To put it in other words: to build an architecture does not merelz mean to "put something on the ground", but rather to come closer to the grounds' scrupulous dealing.

If you let your finger run across the complete surface of Celluloid Jam, no matter where you would start, you could a) go in one round from exterior to interior and back to your starting point without taking a break. b) touch every point on the exterior as well as on the interior and returning back to your starting point without lifting your finger once.

On one hand there is the surface, which results as a flow of the architecture from outer wall to roof to flooring to interior wall to ceiling and can therefore be seen as a seamless structure. While on the other hand the shape itself is being created by cutting, opening and bending the so called Moebius strip (which is formed topologically by twisting and turning a belt in shape of the number 8).

You could feel the longing for the ground to become one with the architecture. So in order to create this connection of exterior rendering, plants, rooms, retaining wall, terrace, ancient stairs, patio and balcony with geometric help, the two components (architecture and nature) have been slowly combined to one united mass by applying adhesion.

To underline this impression, Celluloid Jams complete surface has been realized without visible junctures. The wooden construction is revetted by fibre restrained plastic to create one unique surface of both interior and exterior and furthermore to form one flowing shell, in which the punctual static loads are being reduced, while the static loads can be evenly spread. So the architectural shell approaches its inspiring natural example: the egg shell.

On top of the soil, where the Moebius strip touches the ground, the border between nature and the architecture dissolves into nothing, just like melting plastic. This separation is merely seen and projected by the eye.