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建筑师:Klab Architecture

地点:希腊雅典,Veikou 37

主管建筑师:Klab Architecture, Konstantinos Labrinopoulos

设计组:Enrique Ramírez, Veronika Vasileiou, Elena Skorda

年份:2013

摄影:Panos Kokkinias

开发商:i-land development

施工管理:Future Constructions

文字来自建筑师。“城市条纹”是一座公寓楼,或俗称“polykatoikia”,在希腊这种类型的建筑广为人知。它位于雅典市中心一个名为Koukaki的社区之内,距离伯纳德·屈米设计的新雅典卫城博物馆和Zenetos设计的老啤酒厂“Fix”很近,后者是上世纪颇有影响力的一位希腊建筑师。该社区内主要都是住宅,是建于上世纪六七十年代的“polykatoikia”公寓楼。

“城市条纹”公寓重新诠释了这一类型的建筑物以及当地两座主要建筑的设计元素,创建了一个崭新的城市立面,呼应当前的城市环境与社会条件。

“城市条纹”公寓设计于雅典经济危机不甚明显之时,而完工于危机处于高峰之时。尽管其设计并未追随建筑泡沫时代的高端奢华公寓的趋势,却也并非危机时期的建筑物。它设计十分灵活,为不同经济水平的人们及其各种需求提供了解决办法,正如几十年前的雅典,当时的“polykatoikia”公寓楼就是对于社会融合与功能融合的有趣的试验成果,其功能通常遵循由下至上的财富等级分布,在二楼布置办公空间,一楼为当地的零售店铺,中间、上部楼层以及地下室为住宅。

公寓的设计是通过它们的大小、位置、平面设计、剖面设计及其观赏雅典卫城的视野来确立的。城市肌理得到了过滤,因为在这一地区大多为密集的城市环境,所以非常重视隐私性。设计师利用线性关系与Zenetos的建筑创建了直接的联系,而附近建筑立面上的阳台的设计是通过在不同的高度上设计细长的洞口来实现的,它们或展现、或隐藏了不同的城市风景。与这种线性关系并列的是悬挑设计的阳台。

如今,居住于雅典市中心早已大大不同于上世纪六七十年代这一社区刚刚建成时了。人们非常重视隐私和安全。住宅的视野可控制,阻挡了你不希望看到的风景,同时凸显出你希望看到的风景。噪音和污染的加重改变了阳台的需求,由于雅典的气候原因,阳台是公寓功能所不可或缺的内容,但是从需求程度上来看早已今时不同往日。

在像雅典这样的灰色调为主的城市中,白色的立面着实显眼,同时还有助于在夏日反射强烈的阳光。一楼将用于办公室,为此立面设计与众不同,为建筑创立了基调。后面的立面采用了被人遗忘的雅典建筑背面的元素。“城市条纹”公寓采用了圆柱形楼梯间和几乎错位的窗户设置等各种过去的建筑形式,对雅典的几乎是任意设计的建筑背面进行了独特的现代诠释。

我们有一项非做不可的、非常重要的任务,就是尽量过滤掉那些不受人欢迎的、完全被忽视的建筑背面的视野。我们利用彩色层压玻璃对这些城市遗迹构建了完全不同的视角,使它们突然变得有趣起来。

每一层都不一样,公寓满足了不同的生活场合和居住需求。楼层越高,所观赏到的卫城和帕特农神庙的风景就越壮观。根据当地的建筑条例,在五楼往上必须使建筑立面后退,因此建造了一个顶层公寓,安装着透明的大块玻璃立面,与雅典卫城的大石块形成了对话关系。顶层公寓由裸露混凝土和玻璃建成,高度达三个楼层。

在内部,公共空间再次利用了马赛克地面铺砖和大理石镶边等老式的设计元素,还很有幽默感地选用不同的颜色来区分每个楼层。

原文:

Architects: Klab Architecture

Location: Veikou 37, Athens 117 42, Greece

Architect In Charge: Klab Architecture, Konstantinos Labrinopoulos

Design Team: Enrique Ramírez, Veronika Vasileiou, Elena Skorda

Year: 2013

Photographs: Panos Kokkinias

Developer: i-land development

Construction Management: Future Constructions

From the architect. “Urban stripes” is an apartment building or a “polykatoikia” as it is commonly known in Greece this type of building. It is located at Koukaki a neighborhood in the centre of Athens very close to the new museum of Acropolis by Bernard Tschumi and the old beer factory “Fix” by Zenetos an influential Greek architect of the last century. The neighborhood is mostly residential, built during the 60’s and 70’s with the typology of the “polykatoikia”

Reinterpreting elements of this typology and from the two important buildings of the area “Urban stripes” create a new urban façade responding to the urban and social conditions of current times.

Urban stripes were designed when crisis was not evident in Athens and it was finished when crisis is on its peak. Although it was not designed following the trend of a construction bubble era of luxury high end apartments it is not a building of the crisis. It is a rather flexible building that provides solutions for different wallets and needs as it was always the case some decades ago in Athens when “polykatoikia” was an interesting experiment of social mixture and mixture of functions usually following the hierarchy of wealth from bottom to top, distributing office spaces on the first floors, local retail on the ground floor, residential on middle, upper and basement floors.

Apartments are defined through their size, position, plan, section and their view to Acropolis. Urban fabric is being filtered and privacy is important as the dense urban environment is dominant in the area. Using linearity that creates a direct relation to Zenetos building and the balconies of the adjacent building façade is designed through linear openings on different heights that show or hide different pieces of the urban scenery. Juxtaposed to the linearity the cantilevered balconies act as volumes. 

Living in the centre of Athens today is dramatically different from when this neighborhood was built back in 1960-1970. Privacy and safety are very important. Controlled views obscuring what you don’t want to see and allowing where you want to see is important as well. Noise and pollution have altered the need of balconies which are essential to the function of an apartment due to the climate of Athens but not to the extent and the dimensions that used to be.

  In a grey city like Athens the white color of the façade really stands out but it also helps to the reflection of the intense sunlight during summer. First floor is going to be used for offices and for this reason the façade is different creating a base for the building. Back façade uses different elements of the forgotten back facades of Athens. Using forms of the past like cylindrical stairway, and almost misplaced windows “urban stripes” have a unique modern reinterpretation of the almost arbitrary not really designed back facades of Athens.

Filtering necessary but unwilling views to those totally neglected back facades was one very important task that we had to do. Using colored laminated glasses we proposed a different view to these urban ruins, which suddenly became interesting.

Every floor is different and its apartment answers to different living scenarios and needs. As we get higher Acropolis and Parthenon view is breath taking. After the 5th floor due to regulations we had to recess and so a new building, a penthouse has been created with transparency and vast glass façade to explore a dialogue with the Acropolis rock. The penthouse is made by exposed concrete and glass and is extended in three floors.

Inside, the common spaces are being treated using again elements of the past as mosaic flooring and marble bordures but also it is playful using a palette of colors that differentiate each floor.