Arch Go! 建筑实例 建筑图片 建筑文章翻译

建筑师: Künnapu & Padrik Architects

地点:爱沙尼亚塔尔图

结构工程师:TARI

建筑商:Nordecon Ehitus

年份:2008

摄影:Reio Avaste

该建筑包括一栋23层的公寓和办公室垂直体块和4层的停车场。在东北方向,建筑紧挨着一条公路和Emajogi河(母亲河),在西南方向则与Ahhaa科学中心比邻而居。大厦的平面布局为螺旋形状。因此呈现了一座具有象征性的建筑,其中大厦上部的雕塑外形即为螺旋形。这座螺旋雕塑包含了整个项目的设计思想。

这座极具影响力的大厦为塔尔图市增添了一个新的显著特征。这一标志无疑应该散发丰富的能量,并为知识分子云集的大学城构筑最适宜的制高点。从远古时代开始,螺旋就一直是宏观和微观宇宙生命力的动态象征。螺旋形式源自于大自然,譬如宇宙星系、龙卷风和大漩涡,又譬如盘绕起来的蛇或圆锥形贝壳,甚至是人的指尖。

从新时期时代开始就已经从诸多欧洲史前墓地与石版画中发现了以螺旋为主题的图案。爱尔兰地区的居民使用螺旋象征太阳。螺旋与死亡和重生的概念紧紧相连,进入神秘而又神圣的小房间,经过它的心脏部位,然后再以同样方式重新出现。宗教舞蹈就模仿了这个动作,而许多欧洲民间舞蹈的舞步也因此都使用了螺旋运动。螺旋一直象征着生命的生长与延伸。它象征着生命从一个起点开始,不断地围绕这个点发展,周而复始,生生不息。

建筑顶部这种强大的螺旋形象在以下结构的映衬下格外突出:长方形的水平停车场和圆屋顶、球体结构以及科学中心的圆柱体和立方体突出结构。整体构成应该留下一种似曾相识的印象:可能会在某个时间点经历过,也许是童年时期,也许是旅行在异国他乡的土地上,抑或是在梦里或是早前的某次经历。这个综合体的结构设计应体现乐观和积极的情绪。公寓围绕核心筒布置,其墙壁呈放射状向外延伸,也扩展了住户的视野。大多数公寓均为两室或三室,高层的一些公寓为四室,带露台。在所有的公寓中都能欣赏到塔尔图的壮丽景色。窗户的排布方式与众不同,有点像爵士乐的基调。在上方的螺旋阳台上开凿了观景孔,使整个房间都显得富有张力,也充满了活力。

原文:

Architects: Künnapu & Padrik Architects

Location: Tartu, Estonia

Structural Engineering: TARI

Builder: Nordecon Ehitus

Year: 2008

Photographs: Reio Avaste

The building consists of a 23-storey vertical block with flats and some offices, and of a horizontal parking house on four levels. On the north-east side, the building is bordered by a road and by the River Emajõgi, and on the south-west, by the Science Centre Ahhaa. The ground plan of the tower is a spiral. Thus a symbolic building emerged, where the spiral is expressed in the sculptural form of the upper part of the tower. This spiral sculpture contains the idea of the entire project.

The powerful tower gave the town of Tartu a new dominant feature. This dominance should certainly radiate good energy and constitute a suitable crown for the intellectual university town. From times immemorial, the spiral has been a dynamic symbol of both micro- and macro-cosmic life force. Spiral forms occur in nature from galaxies in the sky to tornadoes and maelstroms, from coiled-up snakes or conical seashells to man’s fingertips.

The spiral motif dating from the Neolithic period has been found in many European dolmens and stone engravings. Inhabitants of the Irish area used the spiral as a symbol of the sun. Spiral is linked with the idea of death and rebirth, by entering the mystical heavenly chamber, passing through its heart and re-emerging the same way. Sacred dances imitate this movement, and many European folk dance steps therefore use spiral movement. The spiral has always been a symbol of the development of life. It indicates that life develops from a point and revolves around it, constantly increasing.

This powerful spiral image at the top of the building is supported by an oblong horizontal of the parking house and the cupolas, by the globe, and by the cylindrical and cubical protrusions of the Science Centre. The composition as a whole should leave an impression of something that human beings might have at some point experienced – in childhood, travelling in distant lands, in a dream or in an earlier experience. The architectonics of the complex should reflect optimism and a positive mood. The flats are arranged around the central core, their radial walls expanding the view. Most flats have two or three rooms, some upper-floor flats have four rooms with terraces. All flats have splendid views of Tartu. The windows are organised in a singular, somewhat jazz-like key. The upper spiral balcony has viewing apertures, the whole room here is tense and dynamic.