Arch Go! 建筑实例 建筑图片 建筑文章翻译

建筑师:Zucchi & Partners


设计组:Cino Zucchi, Nicola Bianchi, Andrea Viganò with Leonardo Berretti, Ivan Bernardini, Juarez Corso

客户:Iter Cooperativa Ravennate Interventi Sul Territorio

结构:Studio di Ingegneria Due esse, Michele Berti

总占地面积:7,434 sqm

建筑占地面积:4,754 sqm

摄影:Cino Zucchi

这栋新建的住宅楼是大型城市重建项目中的一部分,城市重建项目紧邻拉文纳车站,位于一条人工运河的两侧,充当了该地工业区的港口。重建项目的整体规划由Boeri工作室设计而成,设计师们希望建立一座新公园,这座公园与水面和一系列河流两岸的高大建筑相平行,目前运河两岸还属于港口专用,但是一段时间之后会对公众开放。由于未来的场地用途尚未确定,因而设计师们为这栋住宅大楼打造了双面外观,既与现有的城市建筑风格紧密相连,同时又准备向水边开放,为将来可能转变成一个漫步场所做准备。在面向城市的一侧,绿色的土墙勾勒出室内停车场的轮廓,同时形成了一个向上隆起的中央庭院,可从这里俯瞰运河。通往电梯竖井的许多小型商店以及中庭,面向着这个半开放的“广场”, 一条与建筑相平行的斜坡将之与滨水漫步道紧紧相连。






Architects: Zucchi & Partners

Location: Ravenna, Italy

Design Team: Cino Zucchi, Nicola Bianchi, Andrea Viganò with Leonardo Berretti, Ivan Bernardini, Juarez Corso

Client: Iter Cooperativa Ravennate Interventi Sul Territorio

Structures: Studio di Ingegneria Due esse, Michele Berti

Area dimension: 7,434 sqm

Dimensions: 4,754 sqm

Photographs: Cino Zucchi

The new residential building is part of a large urban renewal project next to the Ravenna station on both sides of an artificial canal serving as a harbour for the industries of the area. The overall plan by Boeri studio envisages a new park parallel to the water and a series of rather tall volumes along the waterfront, which currently belongs to the harbour precinct but should in time become open to the public. Within the uncertainty of this “Sliding Doors” future, we designed a double-faced residential complex, relating to the existing city fabric but ready to open toward the water edge and its possible future transformation into a promenade. On the city side, a green rampart hosting the covered parking leads to a raised central court overlooking the water. A number of small shops and the atriums leading to the vertical distribution shafts opens onto this semi-public “piazza”, which will be connected to the water promenade by a ramp running parallel to the structure.

The geometric inflections of the two building blocks and the lived-in “bridge” connecting them on the water side contribute to give a sense of spatial enclosure and intimacy to the central court. The different height of the blocks are related to the long views toward the inner city and to the solar orientation of the complex. While the north side elevations of the buildings are treated in a rather “volumetric” way, the south ones are marked by the long horizontal lines of the overhanging balconies.The main facades of the building are marked by a number of terracotta horizontal “notched in” mouldings – two for every floor height – framing a plaster rendering of different shades of warm, clay-coloured shades in different hues and a cobalt blue one, creating a “mosaic” pattern – somehow inspired by Ravenna’s famous Byzantine art – which generates a sort of scalar distortion in the perception of the building. This effect of momentary “camouflage” of the dimension of the building helps connecting its “domestic” dimension to its perception from the waterside and the city, where it stands alone as a temporary “landmark” waiting for the development to transform the landscape or this part of the city.

A sustainable building

The whole complex is conceived and realized following the latest criteria for “sustainable” and energy conscious buildings. The building masses are carefully studied in relationship with the sun orientation, with an in-depth study of the shadow pattern at all hours and seasons both on the building surfaces and on the open collective spaces. The higher building is located on the north side and the lower on the south one. The rows of balconies on the south side of the buildings screen the living rooms from the summer sun rays, while admitting the lower winter ones, greatly contributing to the energy efficiency of the complex. The north facades are marked by smaller openings contributing to low thermal transmittance. A significant part of the energy required by the building is provided by solar panels placed on the rooftop terraces of the two buildings.

The thick “overcoat” insulation finished by a layer of plaster on mesh provides very low values of heat transmittance, saving energy and creating high environmental comfort for the dwellings. All materials are biodegradable or easily disposed of: stone for the window-sills, hemlock wood for the window frames, natural plaster for most of the exterior surfaces.